Smaller watercourses are important landscape elements in urban and rural areas. They provide a range of ecosystem services, such as climate regulation, watercourse and flood protection, recreation or biodiversity conservation. According to the EU Water Framework Directive, however, only 6.7% of surface waters are in good condition. OLGA is therefore researching how the ecological condition of small watercourses can be improved by sustainably planting agrowood structures near the banks.
What ecosystem services do agrowood plantations along watercourses provide, especially in terms of watercourse , climate and flood protection and for the protection of biodiversity?
What economic perspectives and marketing opportunities arise here for farmers and landowners and how can agricultural wood be made better known as an agricultural product and energy resource?
The following activities are being carried out within module 1:
- Monitoring of the microclimate of woody streams by means of water level and temperature measurements and the investigation of the existing biological macrozoobenthos in the years 2021, 2022 and 2023
- Modelling the effects of vegetation on flood retention and aquatic habitats using habitat modelling and the development of flood scenarios
- Structural analysis of agricultural woods and visualisation using 3D laser scanning
- Investigation of the plant physiology and rooting of agricultural trees and shrubs in order to gain insights into the development of the microclimate, the water balance and the rooting dynamics of these wood species
- Implementation of an agro-wood plantation in the Dresden region